Thursday, March 6, 2008

Hill station in Kerala

Hill Stations of KeralaMuch of Kerala's exotic appeal is focused in the highland area of the western ghats. Rising to an average height of 1520 m, the tropical forests of the ghats house rich flora and fauna. Not to speak of stretches of loamy plantations of tea, coffee, rubber and fragrant cardamom. Some of the most composed and caressing high land areas are :

Munnar Hill Station:
Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams - Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni, Kundala. 1600 m. above sea level, this hill station was the summer resort of the British Government in South India. Sprawling tea plantations, picture book towns, winding lanes, and holiday facilities make this a popular hill station. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands here is the Neelakurinji. This flower which bathes the hills in blue once every twelve years, will bloom next in 2006 AD. Munnar also has the highest peak in South India, Anamudi - which towers over 2695 m. Anamudi is an ideal spot for trekking.

Ponmudi Hill Station :
Situated at an attitude of 915 m above sea level, Ponmudi near Trivandrum is a beautiful hill station known for its pleasant climate, tea plantations and enchanting scenery. The deep forest trails are ideal for hiking and trekking.

Chithirapuram Hill Station :
10 kms from munnar, with its sleepy little cottages bungalows, old playgrounds and courts, chithirapuram still exudes an old world charm. Home of the pallyvasal hydel power project, this hill town is also famous for its picturesque tea plantation.
Devikulam Hill Station :
7 kms from munnar, this idyllic hill station with its velvet lawns, exotic flora and fauna and the cool mountain air is a rare experience. The sita devi lake with its mineral waters and picturesque surroundings is a good picnic spot. The lake is also ideal for trout fishing.

Idukki Hill Station :
A landlocked district, idukki is one of the most nature rich areas of Kerala. The high ranges and wooded valleys are girded by three main rivers- periyar, thalayar and thodupuzhayar- and their tributaries. The river pamba also has its origin here. As a tourist destination, Idukki offers diverse attractions like wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations, spice plantation tours, mountain treks, elephant rides etc. Idukki has a large population of tribals who have unique customs and beliefs and maintain an ethos which is distinctly different from that of the mainstream culture.

Nelliyampathy Hill Station :
This fascinating hill station is at a height of 467 to 1572 m above sea level. At least 10 hair pin bends have to be negotiated on the ghat road that passes through the breathtaking evergreen forests of the Sahya Ranges. Seethakundu at Nelliyampathy offers a panoramic view of about one third of Palakkad.

Attappady Hill Station :
A beautiful synthesis of mountains, rivers and forests, Attappady is of great interest to anthropologists. This is the habitat of many tribes like the Irulars and Mudugas. The Malleeswaran peak is worshipped as a gigantic Sivalinga by the Adivasis who also celebrate the Sivarathri festival with great fervour.

Pythal Mala Hill Station:
Pythal Mala in Kannur is an enchanting hill station situated 4,500 ft. above sea level near the Kerala - Karnataka border, is rich in flora and fauna. It is a six Km trek to the top of the hills.

Tusharagiri Hill Station :
Tusharagiri in Kozhikode is famous for its trekking tracks. It is located, near Vythiri in Wayanad. Trekkers start early morning from the second waterfall and climb uphill through the pristine, evergreen dense forests populated with exotic birds and wild animals to reach Vythiri by evening.

Charminar,Hyderabad

The Charminar in Hyderabad, at the capital city of Andhra Pradesh, is a massive arch built by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. The famous monument of not only Hyderabad, but of South India, Charminar is an impressive square monument with four minarets. The travel icon of the Pearl city towering to a hieght of 180 ft., Charminar located in the centre of the old city, is a picture of beauty. Built in 1591 AD by the founders of Hyderabad in memory of the eradication of plague, the monument with its four minarets, profusely crafted leaves is an inerasable imprint on the minds of the tourists.The arch is illuminated daily in the evening, an unforgettable sight to view. The city of Hyderabad, with its delightful blend of the past and the present, exhibits to the visitors an interesting skyline with modern buildings standing shoulder to shoulder along with the splendid 400 year old edifices. Charminar is always on the top of the attraction list of any tourist visiting Hyderabad. To say that Charminar is a major landmark in the city is to repeat a buzzword. The great monument is a synonym for Hyderabad and the pivot around which the glory and history of the city have developed. This beautiful massive structure in granite, lime, mortar and, some say, pulverised marble, was at one time the heart of the city. Apart from being the core of the city’s cultural ambience, it has become a brand name.


The Architecture:

Charminar is a square shaped structure with four towers in the four corners of the square, each of whose sides is 20 m in length. Every side opens into a plaza through giant arches, which overlook four major passages and dwarf other features of the building except the minarets. Each arch is 11 m wide and soars 20 m to the top from the plinth. The minarets soar skywards by 24 m from the roof of Charminar. Each minaret has 4 storeys, each appears like a delicately carved ring around the minaret. Some Anglophiles call Charminar the Arc de Triomphe of the East. From the ground to the top, the minarets cover a length of 48.7 m

Reaching Charminar:

Air : Hyderabd is well linked to the rest of India by air routes.

Rail : Hyderabad has well defined rail tracks which connects its to rest of India.

Road : There is a good network of roads in the state capital so travelling by road from the nearby states and cities won't be a problem.